We always train entirely force free.
Why train force free?
Quite simply...Becuase it works!
It is not necessary to use coerction, force, fear, or pain to train a dog. In fact, it can be counter productive.
Using aversive techniques can make a fearful dog more frightened and an aggressive dog more dangerous.
Training at Out of the Dog House is grounded in science and evidence-based practice.
By applying the principles of animal learning, we train dogs using positive reinforcement and lure and reward.
Dogs learn quickly, feel safe, and have a good time doing it!
American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior. n.d. Position statement on the use of punishment in training: http://avsabonline.org/uploads/position_statements/Combined_Punishment_Statements1-25-13.pdf
Blackwell, E. J., Twells, C., Seawright, A., et al. (2008). The relationship between training methods and the occurrence of behavior problems, as reported by owners, in a population of domestic dogs. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 3(5), 201–17.
Deldalle, S., & Gaunet, F. (2014). Effects of two training methods on stress-related behaviors of the dog (Canis familiaris) and on the dog-owner relationship. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, 9, 58-65. DOI 10.1016/j.jveb.2013.11.004.
Grohmann, K., Dickomeit, M. J., Schmidt, M.J., et al. (2013), Severe brain damage after punitive training technique with a choke chain collar in a German shepherd dog. Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 8(3), 180–4.
Herron, M. E., Shofer, F. S., & Reisner, I. R. (2009). Survey of the use and outcome of confrontational and non-confrontational training methods in client-owned dogs showing undesired behaviors. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 117(1), 47–54.
Hiby, E. F., Rooney, N. J., & Bradshaw, J. W. S. (2004), Dog training methods: their use, effectiveness and interaction with behavior and welfare. Animal Welfare, 13(1), 63–69.
Rooney, N. J., & Cowan S. (2011). Training methods and owner-dog interactions: links with dog behaviour and learning ability. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 132(3–4), 169–77.
Schalke, E., Stichnoth, J., Ott, S., et al. (2007). Clinical signs caused by the use of electric training collars on dogs in everyday life situation. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 105(4), 369–80.
Schilder M. B., & van der Borg, J. A. (2004). Training dogs with help of the shock collar: short and long term behavioural effects. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 85(3), 319–34.
Trudge, N., & Steinker, A. (2012). Force-free dog training: No choke, no prong, no pain! Pet Professional Guild. Retrieved from http://www.petprofessionalguild.com/.